The US Supreme Court has blocked President Joe Biden’s rule requiring workers at large companies to be vaccinated or masked and tested weekly.
The justices at the nation’s highest court said the mandate exceeded the Biden administration’s authority.
Separately they ruled that a more limited vaccine mandate could stand for staff at government-funded healthcare facilities.
The administration said the mandates would help fight the pandemic
President Biden said he was disappointed by the decision “to block common-sense life-saving requirements for employees at large businesses that were grounded squarely in both science and the law”.
“That does not stop me from using my voice as President to advocate for employers to do the right thing to protect Americans’ health and economy,” he said.
“I call on business leaders to immediately join those who have already stepped up – including one third of Fortune 100 companies – and institute vaccination requirements to protect their workers, customers, and communities.”
The administration’s workplace vaccine mandate would have required workers to receive a Covid-19 shot, or be masked and tested weekly at their own expense.
It would have applied to workplaces with more than 100 employees and affected some 84 million workers. It was designed to be enforced by employers.
Opponents said the administration was over-stepping its power with the requirements, which were introduced in November and immediately drew legal challenges.
In a 6-3 decision, the justices agreed with that argument, saying that the workplace safety rule for large employers was too broad to fall under the authority of the Department of Labor’s Occupational Health and Safety Administration to regulate workplace safety.
“This is no ‘everyday exercise of federal power,'” they wrote. “It is instead a significant encroachment on the lives – and health – of a vast number of employees.”
The more limited rule concerningsome 10 million staff at healthcare facilities did not pose the same concern, they decided, by 5-4.
The rulings come as some parts of the policies were due to go into effect this week. The court heard arguments in the case on Friday.
The court’s liberal justices said the decision to block the workplace mandate “stymies the federal government’s ability to counter the unparalleled threat that COVID-19 poses to our nation’s workers.”
A bridge too far
In the end, Joe Biden’s vaccine mandates stood or fell based on judicial interpretations of federal statute, not principles of individual liberty or appeals to the greater good.
According to a majority of the Supreme Court, Mr Biden had the law on his side when ordering healthcare workers to get vaccinated, but using a 51-year-old workplace safety statute to implement a vaccine-or-test requirement on all large employers was a bridge too far.
Once again, the current balance of the Supreme Court comes into sharp relief, with four reliably conservative justices, three reliable liberal ones and two – Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Brett Kavanaugh – at the ideological fulcrum.
This mixed judicial bag is just the latest setback for a presidential Covid-response plan that frequently has seemed a step behind the latest twists in the pandemic. The administration was slow to encourage boosters and caught flat-footed by the Omicron-induced surge in demand for testing.
Now Mr Biden will either have to convince Congress to act on mandates – an unlikely prospect given the brick wall the rest of his agenda keeps hitting in the Senate – or figure out new ways to shepherd the nation out of the pandemic gloom.