Populism is on the rise in many parts of the globe, including in Western countries. This indicates a growing degree of socio-political division within political communities. This causes a breakdown of harmony not only at the social level but also in the socio-political fabric. It makes it difficult for all levels to come to a common decision. Viktor Berezenko (founder of the Institute of Cognitive Modelling) stated this at the 31st Economic Forum in Karpacz, Poland.
Polarisation leads to division, riots and protests. It creates the conditions for authoritarian leaders to be born and anti-democratic initiatives to be introduced.
Viktor Berezenko says that the information overload in modern society is a fertile ground for polarised political views due to confirmation bias. Citizens selectively expose themselves and their political beliefs to information that confirms them.
This was once more highlighted by the war in Europe. Ukraine was the largest exporter of grain in the world before the war. The Russian military blocked access to Ukrainian ports in the Black Sea and Azov Seas, preventing the country from exporting its products to the world. The issue of resuming supplies was discussed by diplomats and officials around the globe.
Russian propaganda attempted to accuse Ukraine of causing the global food shortage. The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, under Minister Alexander Kubrakov’s leadership, was able to overcome information pressure and succeed technically as well as at the level of communication. More than 100 vessels entered Ukraine’s ports, and more than 2.4 million tonnes of Ukrainian grain were sent to international markets. Daily media reports included information about goods being shipped from Ukraine under the “grain corridor”. Ukraine is not only winning informationally but also at the battlefield and in solving critical infrastructure tasks.
To achieve long-term resilience to hybrid threats that threaten national and social security, it is essential to build, restore and strengthen trust. “This requires sustained efforts at all levels of the state, including policies and structures, to build strong bonds between people and state. This will be supported with meaningful transparency, ownership, and inclusion,” says Berezenko.
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