The Rule of Law Index was published in 2022, 26 October. The Decree of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, dated June 2, 2020, No. PD-6003 “On improving Uzbekistan’s position in international ratings, indices and as well as introducing a mechanism for systematic work together with them in state organs and organizations,” Dilafruz Supiyeva writes. The Rule of Law Index is one of the top international ratings and indices in Uzbekistan.
The Ministry of Justice, a state agency, is responsible for taking consistent and systematic measures to improve the Republic of Uzbekistan’s position in international ratings and indices related to the legal and political spheres.
World Justice Project compiles the Rule of Law Index every year. It includes 8 indicators including “Constraints of Government Powers”, Absence of Corruption”, Open Government”, Fundamental Rights”, Order and Security”, Regulation Enforcement”, Civil Justice” and Criminal Justice.
This index’s assessment of Uzbekistan is a key factor in forming a positive image for the country within the international community.
Uzbekistan’s performance on all eight indicators has improved this year.
Uzbekistan ranked 78th out of 140 countries in the general list. It surpassed countries like Serbia, Albania and China as well as Russia, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The legality of the index was evaluated by surveys among over 150,000 households and 4,000 lawyers from 140 different countries.
The rule of law in 2022 was not improved in 54 countries but it got worse in 85. It remained the same in one country. This Index included Uzbekistan in the list of countries where the rule of law situation has improved.
Analysing the Dynamics of the Rule of Law Index shows a steady improvement in Uzbekistan’s position. This is due to the ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan based on “In the Name of Honor and Dignity of Man”. The analysis includes a deep analysis of global complex processes and the outcomes of past stages of Uzbekistan’s development.
This year, Uzbekistan has seen a 7 position improvement in its indicators. The country was ranked 85 last year in this Index.
These indicators will be the most successful in 2022.
– Uzbekistan ranked 16th in the list of top 20 countries according to the indicator “Order & security”.
“Criminal Justice”, ranked 65th, followed closely by Bulgaria (72nd), Belarus (76)th), Serbia (84th), Moldova (885th), Indonesia (88th), India 89th), Turkey (106)th), Kyrgyzstan (1114th), and Russia (123rd).
– The indicator “Absence or corruption” is at 66th position, followed by Turkey (70th), Bulgaria (77th), Serbia (86th), Russia (90th), India (93rd), Moldova (105th), Albania (107th), Kyrgyzstan (127)th).
Uzbekistan is ranked 75 in the “Civil Justice” list.
– Indicator “Regulatory Enforcement” – 99th Place;
– Indicator “Fundamental rights” – 107th place;
– Indicator “Constraints On Government Powers” – 114 place
According to the indicator “Open Government”, 122 and are respectively 140 countries.
A strategic approach to comprehensive reforms enabled Uzbekistan to improve its position in international rankings and indexes. It was based on two important program documents, the Action Strategy for five priority areas of Uzbekistani development in 2017-2021 as well as the Development Strategy of New Uzbekistan 2022-2026.
The rule of Law Index is the second rating in both the political and legal realms. This indicates that Uzbekistan has seen a steady improvement over the past year.
Remember that the World Bank Governance Indicators analysis for 2021 was published on September 23, 2022. This also showed an improvement in Uzbekistan’s position in all indicators.
Uzbekistan was ranked 116 th out of 208 countries in the “Government Efficiency” indicator. This improves the previous result by 22 places.
The indicator “Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism” showed that Uzbekistan has improved its results by 19 positions to reach 130 th position.
The indicator “Voice and accountability”, which measures freedom of expression, assembly, and elections, shows that Uzbekistan has increased by 12 lines to 182 place.
Significant improvement was seen in the “Regulatory Quality” indicator. This measures the government’s ability to create and implement reasonable policies and rules that provide the legal framework necessary for the growth of the private sector. Our country has moved up 33 places, and is now at 144 th.
The “Rule of Law” indicator shows that Uzbekistan is now at 168 th position (+13).
The country’s result on the indicator “Control Over Corruption” was improved by 15 points (161 first place).
Facilitating the achievement of these results was also possible through the establishment of legal and institution mechanisms for targeted work with priority foreign ratings and indices Uzbekistan.
It should be noted, however, that Uzbekistan is making systematic efforts to enhance its role in the international community and improve the Republic’s position in international economic, legal, and political rankings and indices. The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare also has established ministries and departments for this purpose.
The Republican Council for Work with International Ratings and Indices was established.
The working bodies of Council have designated the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Justice .
These reforms helped Uzbekistan improve its position in the above-mentioned rankings.
– Government reporting to Parliament; administrative reforms; measures to improve public oversight mechanisms.
– The work that is done in areas such as ensuring effective execution of government decision, including preventing side effects from the introduction of the regulatory impact assessment, compliance to administrative procedures, and ensuring the inviolability property rights.
– Measures implemented in the area of administration of justice, enforcement of court decision, citizens’ ability to exercise their rights through courts, independence courts from state bodies, compliance of courts with procedural deadlines, proper execution of court judgments, increasing public satisfaction with the impartiality and impartiality of court rulings
– Increasing the openness and competition in public procurement; increasing transparency of licensing process; comprehensive measures to combat corruption, including strengthening legal and institutional frameworks.
Measures to eliminate torture and unjustified detentions of law enforcement agencies, pressure upon citizens and journalists, infringements of the right of freedom of opinion, speech, and exclusion of arbitrary interference into private life, as well the development of civil society institutions, and ensuring basic labor rights (security and salary, satisfaction with work hours, and absence of forced labor).
– Reforms that promote transparency in local government and ensure citizens have access to information. It is vital to make use of the mechanisms available for appealing against officials’ actions.
Today, we can confidently say that reforms to guarantee the protection of human right, raise the standard of living for the population, ensure freedom economic activity, and improve substantive and procedural norms within the judicial and legal realm, have led to an increase of Uzbekistan’s image and increased position in authoritative international rankings.
Dilafruz Suffiyeva heads the department for Work with International Ratings and Indices of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
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