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Taiwan injects momentum into the global transition to net-zero emissions

The transition to net zero emissions has begun around the world. These innovative methods of international cooperation, highlighted in the Paris Agreement which calls for broad co-operation from all countries to achieve global emission reduction targets, are slowly taking shape. According to Chang Tzi-chin (Minister of the Environmental Protection Administration), Republic of China, Taiwan, Taiwan is ready and able to work with international partners in order to achieve net zero transition, mobilize global climate action and create a sustainable environment that will benefit future generations.

Taiwan is the 21st-largest country in the world and has a significant influence on the economic stability and prosperity of the Indo-Pacific region. Particularly, Taiwan’s semiconductor industry holds a central position in international supply chains. Through the development of new technologies and models, the industry actively reduces energy consumption in its production processes. It has promoted global energy conservation through its ever-evolving semiconductor innovations. Taiwan is taking significant climate actions and actively promoting energy transition. The cumulative installed renewable energy capacity in Taiwan had reached 12.3GW as of May 2022. This is a substantial 60 percent increase over 2016. Taiwan’s GDP increased by 79 percent between 2005 and 2020. The same time, the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions fell by 45 percent. This shows that economic growth is now decoupled from greenhouse gases.

Tsai Ingwen, Taiwan’s President, announced Taiwan’s goal to have net-zero emission by 2050 on April 22nd 2021. The Executive Yuan published Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-Zero Carbon in 2050. The roadmap describes four major transition strategies for energy, industry and lifestyles. The strategies are built on the twin governance foundations technology research and development (R&D), and climate legislation. They are supplemented with 12 key substrategies. These include wind and solar power, hydrogen, power systems and energy storage, energy conservation and efficiency, carbon capture, utilization and storage, carbon-free and electrified vehicles, resource recycling and zero waste, natural carbon sinks, green finance, and just transition. Taiwan will integrate intragovernmental resources to develop a step by step action plan to achieve its goals.

Taiwan will be focusing on five areas in order to build the technology R&D foundations necessary for net-zero transition. The Climate Change Response Act will replace the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act. These amendments will establish net-zero emissions as a long-term national target. They also improve climate governance. This act will create economic incentives to reduce emissions, guide low-carbon, green growth, and help complete the foundations for national climate legislation. Taiwan’s long-term vision is to make net-zero emission the driving force for national development by 2050. Taiwan can stimulate economic growth and encourage private investment. It will also create sustainable, competitive, resilient, secure, and resilient transition strategies and governance foundations that are both compliant, circular, sustainable and durable. This will promote energy independence and increase social well-being.

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Taiwan is exempted from all international organizations due to political reasons. It cannot take part in substantive discussions about global climate issues. Taiwan is unable to keep up with current developments and implement relevant tasks. This will lead to gaps in global climate governance. Taiwan has few independent energy sources and an economy that is heavily dependent on foreign trade. It will have a negative impact on the transition of Taiwanese industries to green and the stability of international supply chain. Taiwan’s global competitiveness may be severely affected by the possibility of carbon border adjustment measures. Taiwan will not be able to participate fairly in international emission reduction mechanisms. This could also reduce the effectiveness of international collaboration and harm the global economy.

This generation must take collective responsibility for making the transition to net zero emissions. Only a united international community can achieve this goal. Taiwan will make concrete contributions to the fight against global climate change in a spirit of professionalism and pragmatism. The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated that no matter what the circumstances, Taiwan can make a significant contribution to the world’s efforts to combat global climate change. Taiwan should have equal access to international cooperation mechanisms to address climate change. We are hopeful that the international community will support Taiwan’s immediate, fair and meaningful inclusion.


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