Geopolitics such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have resulted in more severe and widespread cybersecurity threats over the past year, EU cybersecurity agency ENISA reported in its annual report.
ENISA’s study is focused on the growing threat to businesses, governments, and vital sector like energy, transport and banking.
According to the agency geopolitical events such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine were significant game-changers during the review period.
Zero-day attacks, in which hackers exploit software vulnerabilities before developers have a chance to fix them, and artificial intelligence-enabled deepfokes resulted in more severe, widespread attacks with greater effect.
Juhan Lepassaar, ENISA Executive Director, stated that “Today’s global context invariably drives major changes to cybersecurity threat landscape,” adding that the new paradigm was shaped due to the growing number of threat actors.
According to the report, 24% of cyberattacks were directed at government agencies and governments while 13% were directed at digital service providers.
The European Union agreed in May to tighten cybersecurity regulations in key sectors. Companies are required to assess the risks they face and inform authorities so that appropriate steps can be taken. Companies could face fines up to 2%.
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