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Development of intellectual property is a guarantee of positive changes

The second half of 18th century saw the introduction of steam-powered steamboats, high speed cars, and high-efficiency spinning machinery. This was the beginning of a major industrial revolution. The results of intellectual activity, such as inventions and written works, were treated differently by mankind. They started to protect them the same as their house and grain. They realized that intellectual property created by humans has the same value as other properties. Colin Stevens writes that the great industrial revolution changed the world and made people respect intellectual property.

How does the world react to intellectual property today, and in particular the Republic of Uzbekistan? What are the current developments in this area?

I. I.

The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan assumes that the state has a number of obligations, including the obligation to ensure citizens’ rights towards their property and intellectual property. The State must protect property rights, such as the ability of each person to possess, use, and dispose of their property as they choose.

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To ensure, implement, and enforce the legal protection of intellectual rights of individuals in our nation, several laws have been adopted, including: Civil Code, “Law on Copyright and Related Rights”, Law on Inventions, Utility Models and Industrial Designs”, Law on Trademarks, Service Marks and Names of Places of Origin”, Law on Geographical Indications”, Law on Selection Achievements”, Law on Legal Protection of Topologies of Integrated Microcircuits”, Law on Competition, and other laws.

It is true that in order for intellectual property to grow, each country must implement reforms. This will allow them to go beyond the existing laws and ensure their legal protection and enforcement. To strengthen and enforce intellectual property rights and eliminate any problems, Uzbekistan is implementing systematic activities.

The National Strategy for the Development of the Sphere of Intellectual Property within the Republic of Uzbekistan was approved for the first time ever in history. This Strategy’s main purpose is to improve efficiency in public administration, to use modern information and communication tools in legal protection of IP objects, to create a reliable system for intellectual property enforcement, to foster respect and increase awareness among the population.


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The following activities were also carried out in the framework of legal protection for intellectual property objects:

a) The Law “On Geographical Indications”, which focuses on the legal protection, enforcement, and use of geographic indications, was adopted.

b) In order to cut down on the time and cost of filing applications for intellectual property registration, an electronic system has been created that allows for submission and receipt of applications via [online] state information systems. The electronic registration of intellectual property items is expected to be fully operational by the end next year.

c) To prevent “bad faith” registrations of intellectual property, and to give interested parties the opportunity to make written objections to applications filed with the competent authorities, a procedure has been established for posting information about the relevant applications on a website of the competent agency.

Another thing that was done within the legal protection of intellectual properties objects was the extension of the term of validity for copyright from 50 to 70 year.

II. II. In the sphere legal enforcement of intellectual properties objects

It is essential that the legal protection of intellectual property in every state and its enforcement are maintained. This will ensure the continued development of this sphere. In this respect, many works have been done in the republic to ensure the legal enforcement and protection of intellectual property.

Administrative responsibility for violations of copyright and related rights is the most important. The right to seek compensation from 20 to 1000 times the basic calculation amount, rather than compensation based upon the damage, is also available. For violating industrial property rights, legal entities can be held liable by imposing corporate liability. This could mean a fine of 100-200 basic calculation units from 2,750 to 5,500 US dollars.

Officials have taken steps to implement the system for intellectual property protection through customs borders.

Since 2021 (February 15, 2015 – March 15, 2015), “A Month without Counterfeits” month has been held every year in the republic. This event has two main purposes: to combat counterfeit goods and raise awareness about IP.

To strengthen legal protection, new mechanisms were introduced to prevent counterfeit products from entering the market. These include verification of compliance with intellectual rights in product certification and state registration of medical devices, medicines and equipment.

III. III.

The following international treaties were signed by the Republic of Uzbekistan in the area of intellectual property during the past four years (2018-2022).

Convention for the Protection of Phonogram Producers Against Unauthorized Copying of Their Phonograms (Geneva October 29, 1971);

– The WIPO Phonograms and Performances Treaty (Geneva December 20, 1996);

– WIPO Copyright Trace (WCT), Geneva, December 20, 1996

– The Marrakesh Treaty for Facilitating Access to Published Works by Persons who are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherly Print Disabled (2013

June 27).

Officials communicated regularly with the international community about the progress of the intellectual property sector. They actively participated in 2021 events of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties.

Azerbaijan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are cooperating on intellectual property issues.

On 21 June 2022, a memorandum of collaboration was signed between the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and the Intellectual Property Agency of the Republic of Azerbaijan, in the area of copyright protection.

The number of applications for registration of intellectual properties has significantly increased as a result of activities in the area of intellectual property.


Number of applications submitted for registration of intellectual property objects per year (in case of the third quarter of 2016 – 2022).

So, society has begun to respect intellectual property. We can only say that legal protection is being given in every way possible.

It is important to stress that any society that aims to develop intellectual property must ensure its legal protection. Because intellectual property development is a guarantee for positive changes in a country.

Mi Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan

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